History of the Day for:
- 930: The world's oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, was established.
- 1611: Henry Hudson, navigator famous for trying to find a route from Europe to Asia, was set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers.
- 1757: Robert Clive defeated the Nawab of Bengal at the battle of Plassey, laying the foundations of the British Empire in India.
- 1776: The final draft of the Declaration of Independence was submitted to the U.S. Congress.
- 1868: Christopher Sholes patented the typewriter.
- 1888: Abolitionist Frederick Douglass became the first African-American nominated for president.
- 1927: Bob Fosse, choreographer, was born in Chicago.
- 1938: The Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
- 1945: Japanese commander Lt. Gen. Ushijima committed suicide at Okinawa, site of the bloodiest battle in the Pacific in World War II; 234,183 people were killed in the battles.
- 1958: A federal judge ruled racial segregation in Little Rock, Ark., must end in 30 months.
- 1969: Warren E. Burger was sworn in as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
- 1983: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions.
- 1985: An Air India Boeing 747 on a flight from Canada crashed into the sea, killing all 329 on board.
- 1994: After decades as an international outcast, South Africa reclaimed its seat in the United Nations.