History of the Day for:
- 1530: King Henry VIII's request for a divorce was turned down by the Pope. Henry then declared that he, not the Pope, was the supreme head of England's church.
- 1850: In a three-hour speech to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a means of preserving the Union.
- 1854: Charles Miller patented the first U.S. buttonhole-stitching sewing machine.
- 1875: Composer Maurice Ravel was born in Cibourne, France.
- 1876: Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for his invention of the telephone.
- 1908: Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before the city council and announced that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles."
- 1926: The first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation took place between New York and London.
- 1936: Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.
- 1939: Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians made the first recording of "Auld Lang Syne."
- 1945: U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, using the damaged but still usable Ludendorff Bridge.
- 1965: A march by civil rights demonstrators was broken up in Selma, Ala., by state troopers and a sheriff's posse.
- 1975: The Senate revised its filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate in most cases, instead of the previously required two-thirds of senators present.
- 1986: Challenger Disaster: Divers from the USS Preserver locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor.
- 1987: World Boxing Council heavyweight champ, Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight title holder ever as he beat James Smith in a decision during a 12-round bout in Las Vegas.
- 1989: Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel.
- 1994: Copyright Law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
- 2007: British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.