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History of the Day for:
- 1793: The department heads of the U.S. government met with President Washington at his home for the first cabinet meeting on record.
- 1836: Inventor Samuel Colt patented his revolver.
- 1841: French Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste Renoir was born.
- 1870: Hiram R. Revels, R-Miss., became the first black member of the U.S. Senate when he was sworn in to serve out Jefferson Davis' term.
- 1879: Congress passed the first Timberland Protection Act.
- 1901: Zeppo, the youngest of the Marx Brothers comedy team, was born.
- 1913: The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, providing for an income tax.
- 1925: Glacier Bay National Monument was established in Alaska.
- 1950: "Your Show of Shows" made its debut on NBC.
- 1951: The first Pan American Games opened in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- 1956: In a speech to the Communist Party Congress, Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin as a demigod and tyrant.
- 1957: Buddy Holly recorded his first hit "That'll Be The Day" in New Mexico.
- 1963: The Beatles released their first single in the U.S.: "Please Please Me" on Vee-Jay Records.
- 1964: Cassius Clay (a.k.a. Muhammad Ali) became world heavyweight boxing champion for the first time by knocking out Sonny Liston in Miami.
- 1982: The final episode of "The Lawrence Welk Show" aired.
- 1983: Playwright Tennessee Williams ("A Streetcar Named Desire") died.
- 1986: In the face of overwhelming military and civil opposition, Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos, his wife and several others, were airlifted to safety from the presidential palace to a U.S. air base.
- 1989: The new owner of the Dallas Cowboys fired coach Tom Landry after a 29-year career.