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History of the Day for:
- 1685: German composer George Frideric Handel ("Messiah") was born.
- 1822: Boston was granted a charter to incorporate as a city.
- 1836: General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, leading several thousand Mexican troops, began besieging the Alamo mission settlement held by a force of 145 Texans led by Colonel Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett. The siege ended on March 6 with all the Texans killed.
- 1847: U.S. troops under General Zachary Taylor defeated Mexican General Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in Mexico.
- 1870: Mississippi was readmitted to the Union.
- 1874: Walter Wingfield of Pimlico, England, patented the game of lawn tennis.
- 1896: The Tootsie Roll was introduced by Leo Hirshfield.
- 1898: In France, novelist Emile Zola was imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing the government of anti?Semitism and wrongly jailing Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
- 1927: President Coolidge signed a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission, the forerunner of the Federal Communications Commission.
- 1945: The Japanese island of Iwo Jima fell to the Americans after severe fighting and the flag was raised on Mount Suribachi.
- 1954: The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh.
- 1960: Historic Ebbets Field, home of the Brooklyn Dodgers for 40 years, was demolished.
- 1968: Wilt Chamberlain became the first NBA player to score 25,000 points.
- 1985: Hoosier coach Bobby Knight threw a folding chair across the court and was ejected in a game against arch-rival Purdue.
- 1997: Scientists in Scotland announced they had succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly."