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History of the Day for:
- 1732: George Washington, the first president of the United States, was born at his parents' plantation in the Virginia Colony.
- 1856: The first national meeting of the Republican Party took place in Pittsburgh.
- 1860: The first organized baseball game was played in San Francisco.
- 1876: Johns Hopkins University opened.
- 1879: Frank Winfield Woolworth opened a 5-cent and 10-cent store in Utica, N.Y.
- 1889: President Cleveland signed a bill to admit the Dakotas, Montana and Washington state to the Union.
- 1900: Hawaii became a U.S. territory.
- 1934: Frank Capra's romantic comedy "It Happened One Night," starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, opened at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
- 1956: Elvis Presley logged his first hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel."
- 1959: The first Daytona 500 Auto Race on the new International Speedway at Daytona Beach was held. Lee Petty won it with an average speed of 135.521 mph.
- 1967: The "sling-shot" goal post and a six-foot-wide border around the field were standardized in the NFL.
- 1980: In a stunning upset, the United States Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets at Lake Placid, N.Y., 4-3. The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal by downing Finland.
- 1984: A 12-year-old Houston boy known publicly only as "David," who'd spent most his life in a plastic bubble because he had no immunity to disease, died 15 days after being removed from the bubble for a bone-marrow transplant.