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History of the Day for:
- 1792: Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act providing for the succession to the office of the President and Vice President in case of removal, death, resignation or disability.
- 1804: The first self-propelled locomotive on rails was demonstrated in Wales by Richard Trevithick.
- 1846: Sarah G. Bagley became the first female telegrapher as she took charge at the newly opened telegraph office in Lowell, Mass.
- 1858: The first electric burglar alarm by Edwin T. Holmes was installed in Boston.
- 1866: Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.
- 1878: The first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Co. of New Haven, Conn.
- 1885: The Washington Monument was dedicated by President Arthur.
- 1916: The longest and bloodiest battle of World War I, the battle of Verdun, began in France.
- 1925: The New Yorker magazine made its debut.
- 1931: The Chicago White Sox and the New York Giants became the first major league teams to meet in a night game. They collected 23 hits in a ten?inning exhibition game played in Houston; Alka Seltzer was introduced.
- 1947: Edwin H. Land first demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera, which used self-developing film that produced a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds.
- 1965: Black activist Malcolm X was shot to death by assassins identified as Black Muslims as he was about to address a rally of several hundred followers in New York.
- 1990: Milli Vanilli won a Grammy Award for best new artist. The duo of Fab Morvan and Rob Pilatus are later forced to return the award after it is learned they did not actually sing the record.