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History of the Day for:
- 1564: Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa.
- 1764: The city of St. Louis was established as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue.
- 1804: New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish slavery.
- 1820: American suffragist Susan B. Anthony was born in Adams, Mass.
- 1842: A private mail service in New York City introduced the first adhesive postage stamps.
- 1879: President Rutherford B. Hayes signed a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the U.S. Supreme Court.
- 1898: The U.S. battleship Maine blew up in Havana Harbor, killing more than 260 crew members. The explosion, the cause of which has never been satisfactorily explained, brought the U.S. closer to war with Spain over the issue of Cuban independence.
- 1903: The first Teddy Bear was introduced in America.
- 1932: George Burns and Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on "The Guy Lombardo Show" on CBS Radio; U.S. bobsled team member Eddie Eagan became the only athlete to win gold in both summer and winter games.
- 1933: President-elect Franklin Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt in Miami that claimed the life of Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak.
- 1950: Walt Disney's animated film "Cinderella" was released in movie theaters.
- 1965: Canada's new flag, with its maple leaf design, was unfurled in ceremonies in Ottawa.
- 1986: The Philippines National Assembly proclaimed Ferdinand E. Marcos president for another six years, following an election marked by allegations of fraud.
- 1992: A Milwaukee jury rejected mass murderer Jeffrey Dahmer's insanity plea and held him responsible for the brutal murders of at least 15 people. The judge sentenced him to 15 consecutive life prison terms.