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History of the Day for:
- 1859: Oregon was admitted to the Union as the 33rd state.
- 1872: The first state bird refuge was authorized in Lake Merritt, Calif.
- 1876: Inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied separately for patents related to the telephone. The U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled Bell the rightful inventor.
- 1895: Oscar Wilde's final play, "The Importance of Being Earnest," opened at the St. James Theatre in London.
- 1903: The Department of Commerce and Labor was established.
- 1912: Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state.
- 1919: The United Parcel Service was founded.
- 1920: The League of Women Voters was founded in Chicago. Its first president was Maude Wood Park.
- 1924: The IBM Corporation was founded by Thomas Watson.
- 1929: The "St. Valentine's Day Massacre" took place in a Chicago garage as seven rivals of Al Capone's gang were gunned down.
- 1939: Victor Fleming replaced George Cukor as director for "Gone With The Wind."
- 1962: First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy hosted a televised tour of the White House that showcased the building's interior restoration.
- 1971: President Richard Nixon installed a secret taping system at the White House.
- 1978: The first "micro on a chip" was patented by Texas Instruments.
- 1988: At age 50, Bobby Allison became the oldest driver to win the Daytona 500.
- 1989: Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini called on Muslims to kill Salman Rushdie, author of the novel "The Satanic Verses," a work condemned as blasphemous throughout the Islamic world.