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History of the Day for:
- 1542: The fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII, Catherine Howard, was executed for adultery.
- 1633: Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition for professing the belief that the earth revolves around the sun.
- 1635: The oldest public school in the United States, the Boston Public Latin School, was founded.
- 1866: Jesse James held up his first bank in Liberty, Mo.
- 1867: Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube Waltz" was played for the first time at a public concert in Vienna, Austria.
- 1875: Mrs. Edna Kanouse of Watertown, Wisc., gave birth to America's first quintuplets on this day. All five of the baby boys died within two weeks.
- 1914: The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, known as ASCAP, was founded in New York City.
- 1920: The League of Nations recognized the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland; the National Negro Baseball League was organized.
- 1932: The release of "Free Eats" introduced George "Spanky" McFarland to Hal Roach's "Our Gang" series.
- 1935: A jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-death of the infant son of aviator Charles and Anne Lindbergh.
- 1937: The NFL's Boston Redskins moved to Washington.
- 1943: The Women's Marine Corps was created.
- 1945: Allied planes staged a massive bombing raid on Dresden, Germany, killing over 35,000 people.
- 1961: Frank Sinatra, after spending many years signed to Capitol Records, launched his own Reprise label under Warner Bros Records.
- 1967: Mr. Guariglia was born! Yes, Mr. G entered the world on this day!
- 1972: The Broadway show "Grease" opened in New York City and went on to become one of the longest-running shows in history.
- 1996: The rock musical "Rent," by Jonathan Larson, opened off-Broadway.