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History of the Day for:
- 1554: Lady Jane Grey, queen of England for 13 days, was beheaded with her husband, Lord Guildford Dudley. She was 17 years old.
- 1709: Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish seaman who inspired Daniel Defoe to write "Robinson Crusoe," was rescued from Fernandez Island after more than four years.
- 1733: The first colonists to Georgia, led by James Edward Oglethorpe, arrived in Georgia and founded Savannah, the state's first settlement.
- 1809: Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States, was born.
- 1809: Charles Darwin was born.
- 1825: The Creek Indian treaty was signed. Tribal chiefs agreed to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government and migrate west by Sept. 1, 1826.
- 1874: King David Kalakaua of the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) was the first king to visit the U.S.
- 1880: The National Croquet League was formed in Philadelphia.
- 1908: The famous New York-to-Paris auto race began.
- 1909: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.
- 1912: Hsuan T'ung, the last Chinese emperor, abdicated.
- 1915: The cornerstone of the Lincoln Memorial was laid.
- 1924: President Calvin Coolidge made the first presidential speech on the radio.
- 1938: German troops entered Austria.
- 1944: Wendell Wilkie entered the race for president.
- 1957: Researchers announced a material harder than diamonds called Borazan had been developed.