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History of the Day for:
- 1763: France ceded Canada to England under the Treaty of Paris, which ended the French and Indian War.
- 1824: Simon Bolivar was named dictator by the Congress of Peru.
- 1846: Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Mormons, began an exodus to the West from Illinois.
- 1863: Showman P.T. Barnum staged the wedding of General Tom Thumb and Mercy Lavinia Warren, both of them midgets, in New York City.
- 1870: The Young Women's Christian Association was founded in New York City.
- 1897: The New York Times began using the slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print."
- 1920: Baseball outlawed all pitches involving tampering with the ball.
- 1923: Ink paste was manufactured for the first time by the Standard Ink Company.
- 1933: The first singing telegram was introduced by the Postal Telegram Company in New York.
- 1942: Glenn Miller received the first ever gold disc for selling 1 million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo."
- 1949: Arthur Miller's play "Death of a Salesman" opened at Broadway's Morosco Theater.
- 1962: Francis Gary Powers, U.S. pilot of a U-2 plane shot down over the Soviet Union and imprisoned in 1960, was exchanged for KGB agent Rudolf Abel in Berlin; Jim Beatty became the first American to break the four-minute barrier for an indoor mile.
- 1967: The 25th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, dealing with the succession to the presidency, was ratified.
- 1968: Peggy Fleming won the United States' first gold medal in women's figure skating at the Winter Olympic Games in Grenoble, France.
- 1988: A three-judge panel of the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco struck down the Army's ban on homosexuals, saying gays were entitled to the same protection against discrimination as racial minorities. The ruling was later set aside by the full appeals court.
- 1989: Ron Brown was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee, becoming the first black to head a major U.S. political party.
- 1992: Boxer Mike Tyson was convicted in Indianapolis of raping Desiree Washington, a Miss Black America contestant.
- 1996: An IBM computer called Deep Blue made chess history by defeating world champion Gary Kasparov, the first victory by a machine under classic tournament rules.